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Service in the interest of Justice


God forbid if one has to take Divorce but if this is the only option, and then one must opt for it to move on with life.

Today, like all goods, Marriage also comes with Expiry and if Relationship is not working, then Divorce follows:

For Hindu’s, the Divorce procedure is governed by Hindu Marriage Act, 1955.


Divorce are of 2 types:
1. Mutual Consent Divorce or No Fault Divorce: Where both parties settle their disputes on their own and get separated with regards to kids, alimony, Maintenance, Property, Loans etc.

2. Contested Divorce or Fault Divorce: Here one party files for divorce on any of the grounds listed in Sec 13(1) of HMA, 1955 that are:

(1) Any marriage solemnised, whether before or after the commencement of this Act, may, on a petition presented by either the husband or the wife, be dissolved by a decree of divorce on the ground that the other party—

[(i) has, after the solemnisation of the marriage, had voluntary sexual intercourse with any person other than his or her spouse; or]

[(ia) has, after the solemnisation of the marriage, treated the petitioner with cruelty; or]

 [(ib) has deserted the petitioner for a continuous period of not less than two years immediately preceding the presentation of the petition; or]


(ii) has ceased to be a Hindu by conversion to another religion; or

[(iii) has been incurably of unsound mind, or has been suffering continuously or intermittently from mental disorder of such a kind and to such an extent that the petitioner cannot reasonably be expected to live with the respondent.


Explanation .—In this clause,—

(a) the expression “mental disorder” means mental illness, arrested or incomplete development of mind, psychopathic disorder or any other disorder or disability of mind and includes schizophrenia;

(b) the expression “psychopathic disorder” means a persistent disorder or disability of mind (whether or not including sub-normality of intelligence) which results in abnormally aggressive or seriously irresponsible conduct on the part of the other party, and whether or not it requires or is susceptible to medical treatment; or]


Also Read- Mutual Consent Divorce

(iv) has 18 [***] been suffering from a virulent and incurable form of leprosy; or

(v) has 18 [***] been suffering from venereal disease in a communicable form; or

(vi) has renounced the world by entering any religious order; or

(vi) has not been heard of as being alive for a period of seven years or more by those persons who would naturally have heard of it, had that party been alive; 19 [***] 20 [ Explanation. —In this sub-section, the expression “desertion” means the desertion of the petitioner by the other party to the marriage without reasonable cause and without the consent or against the wish of such party, and includes the willful neglect of the petitioner by the other party to the marriage, and its grammatical variations and cognate expressions shall be construed accordingly.] 21 [***]



22 [(1A) Either party to a marriage, whether solemnised before or after the commencement of this Act, may also present a petition for the dissolution of the marriage by a decree of divorce on the ground—

(i) that there has been no resumption of cohabitation as between the parties to the marriage for a period of 22 [one year] or upwards after the passing of a decree for judicial separation in a proceeding to which they were parties; or

(ii) that there has been no restitution of conjugal rights as between the parties to the marriage for a period of 22 [one year] or upwards after the passing of a decree for restitution of conjugal rights in a proceeding to which they were parties.]



(2) A wife may also present a petition for the dissolution of her marriage by a decree of divorce on the ground,—

(i) in the case of any marriage solemnised before the commencement of this Act, that the husband had married again before such commencement or that any other wife of the husband married before such commencement was alive at the time of the solemnisation of the marriage of the petitioner: Provided that in either case the other wife is alive at the time of the presentation of the petition; or

(ii) that the husband has, since the solemnisation of the marriage, been guilty of rape, sodomy or 23 [bestiality; or]

[(iii) that in a suit under section 18 of the Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act, 1956 (78 of 1956), or in a proceeding under section 125 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974) [or under the corresponding section 488 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 (5 of 1898)], a decree or order, as the case may be, has been passed against the husband awarding maintenance to the wife notwithstanding that she was living apart and that since the passing of such decree or order, cohabitation between the parties has not been resumed for one year or upwards; or

[(iv) that her marriage (whether consummated or not) was solemnised before she attained the age of fifteen years and she has repudiated the marriage after attaining that age but before attaining the age of eighteen years.]



(i) in sub-section (1), after clause (i) insert (and shall be deemed always to have been inserted) the following clause, namely:— “(1a) has persistently or repeatedly treated the petitioner with such cruelty as to cause a reasonable apprehension in the mind of the petitioner that it will be harmful or injurious for the petitioner to live with the other party; or”, and “(viii) has not resumed cohabitation after the passing of a decree for judicial separation against that party and

(a) a period of two years has elapsed since the passing of such decree, or

(b) the case is one of exceptional hardship to the petitioner or of exceptional depravity on the part of other party; or



(i) Cruelty which is a ground for dissolution of marriage may be defined as wilful and unjustifiable conduct of such character as to cause danger to life, limb or health, bodily or mental, or as to give rise to a reasonable apprehension of such a danger. The question of mental cruelty has to be considered in the light of the norms of marital ties of the particular society, to which the parties belong, their social values, status, environment in which they live. Cruelty need not be physical. If from the conduct of the spouse it is established or an inference can be legitimately drawn that the treatment of the spouse is such that it causes apprehension in the mind of the other spouse, about his or her mental welfare then this conduct amounts to cruelty; Maya Devi v. Jagdish Prasad, AIR 2007 SC 1426.

(ii) Making false allegations against husband of having illicit relationship and extramarital affairs by wife in her written statement constitute mental cruelty of such nature that husband cannot be reasonably asked to live with wife. Husband is entitled to decree of divorce; Sadhana Srivastava v. Arvind Kumar Srivastava, AIR 2006 All 7.

(iii) The expression “Cruelty” as envisaged under section 13 of the Act clearly admits in its ambit and scope such acts which may even cause mental agony to aggrieved party. Intention to be cruel is not an essential element of cruelty as envisaged under section 13 (1) (ia) of the Act. It is sufficient that if the cruelty is of such type that it becomes impossible for spouses to live together; Neelu Kohli v. Naveen Kohli, AIR 2004 All 1.

(iv) The levelling of false allegation by one spouse about the other having alleged illicit relations with different persons outside wedlock amounted to mental cruelty; Jai Dayal v. Shakuntala Devi, AIR 2004 Del 39.

(v) Mental disorder for relief under section 13 (1) (iii) should be of such a degree that it is impossible to lead normal marital life or it is unreasonable to expect a person to put up with a spouse with such condition; B.N. Panduranga Shet v. S.N. Vijayalaxmi, AIR 2003 Karn 357


(vi) Due to the criminal complaint filed by the wife, the husband remained in jail for 63 days and also his father and brother for 20 to 25 days. Therefore, even though the case of cruelty may not have been proved but as the facts emerging from the record clearly indicate that the living of the two as husband and wife would not only be difficult but impossible, the court has no alternative but to grant a decree of divorce; Poonam Gupta v. Ghanshyam Gupta, AIR 2003 All 51.

(vii) Unless the entire genesis of the quarrels in the course of which, one of the spouses holds out a threat to take his or her life is placed before the court, the very fact that some threat in the course of a quarrel is held out, cannot be viewed in isolation or construed as mental cruelty to the other spouse; Nalini Sunder v. G.V. Sundar, AIR 2003 Kar 86.

(viii) A husband cannot ask his wife that he does not like her company, but she can or should stay with other members of the family in matrimonial home. Such an attitude is cruelty in itself on the part of the husband; Yudhishter Singh v. Sarita, AIR 2002 Raj 382.

(ix) Removal of mangalsutra by wife at the instance of her husband does not amount to mental cruelty; S. Hanumantha Rao v. S. Ramani, AIR 1999 SC 1318.

(x) A threat to commit suicide by the wife amounts to infliction of mental cruelty on the husband but it should not be uttered in a domestic tiff; Pushpa Rani v. Vijay Pal Singh, AIR 1994 All 220.

(xi) Solitary instance of cruelty would not constitute cruelty so as to grant a decree for divorce rather the behaviour of the other party has to be persistently and repeatedly treating the other spouse with such cruelty so as to cause a reasonable apprehension in the mind of the husband/wife that it will be harmful or injurious for him or her to live with the other party. The expression “persistently” means continue firmly or obstinately and the expression “repeatedly” means to say or do over again; Vimlesh v. Prakash Chand Sharma, AIR 1992 All 261.


Also Read- Marriage Problems Issues and Counselling

Divorce is important when it is necessary for individual to survive emotionally, physically and mentally. There can be    reason for  marriage not to work but one must think of long term consequences will before in hand of taking the decision of Divorce.

One can seek advice of Best/Top Divorce Lawyers of Chandigarh, Panchkula, and Mohali for their case in this regards practicing in District Courts.

Usually the Family Courts established at Tricity tale care of the Divorce Cases:

  1. District Court Chandigarh
  2. District Court Mohali.
  3. District Court Panchkula.

Also Read- Maintenance Alimony Child Custody

But why do Divorces happen in India?

Divorces are in trend so don't take your marriage responsibilities lightly or else your marriage can hit rock bottom. Seriously mate!

Divorce rates are on all time high and compatibility is at all time low. Reasons :

1 Over excessively educated.

2 Don't have unity of thoughts


3 Less dependence of finance, emotional, sexual, family or be it of any sort. Society is now happy to keep their unhappy kids as they cannot see them suffer after raising them so well.

4 Over excessive search of logic. Somethings are done because we want to.

5 Zero satisfaction and depleting compromising powers

6 Sky high comparison to other people and highly interested about others but not concerned about themselves. Also Read- WHERE TO FILE 498A AND DOWRY CASE IN 2019?

7 Age of permanence is gone. Lifetime warranty is gone just like pension cover. No one can bear the baggage for too long.

8 Married at wrong time. Career , Education, Masters , Profession, Kids , Place of working etc.

9 Zero stability of thoughts , plans of life. Scrolling too fast life without seizing the moment.

10 Last, lack of will, integrity, respect, virtue, cooperation, sacrifice and servitude towards others. Rise of individualism over family wants. Now all about what I want ?

Also Read- Family Law

Must be wandering that post is about how to make your marriage work and I am sharing thoughts about why marriages don't ?

Because context and relevance. Cause and effect. Only after knowing the problem well, we can get solution and get well too.

Also Read- Divorce FAQ’s

Now fixes for your marriage problems: First of all it is you and spouse versus the problem and then proceed.

1 Frame the right issues. Only necessary and priority ones. If you have more than five divorce.

2 Talk about it and check receptivity level of other spouse. If 40% acceptance is there, then good or divorce.

3 Don't just share problems but propose solutions to each other. Never have any 3rd person do this job but if/she does, then leave her/him also if there is no solution to it.

4 Reduce your expectations on working of your marriage. Change focus to your work or kids. It helps. Else find or reignite your hidden passion.

5 Avoid over thinking about weaknesses of your spouse rather find ways of working out with them.

6 Never shout or fight with your spouse. Never have these discussions at night.

Now how can you Avoid Divorce / or fixes your marriage issues.

Also Read- Mutual Divorce Procedure

Fee for Divorce Case:

Mutual Divorce costs you less 25-50k whereas contested Divorces cost twice/ thrice the amount mentioned above. Same may be said for time to get Divorce. If still the issue persists, then nobody can help you. It is better you move on from a failing marriage to a better future ahead.

Don’t let your Marriage become a cancer ever!

For more info, call -78883-56908. 

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